High Estrogen Levels in Women: What are the Causes, Symptoms & Treatment?

Hormonal balance plays a vital role in a woman’s overall health and well-being. Estrogen, one of the primary female sex hormones, plays a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle and maintaining reproductive health. However, when estrogen levels become imbalanced and rise excessively, it can lead to various complications and health concerns.

What are the causes of High Estrogen Levels?

  • Hormonal Imbalances: Estrogen levels can become elevated due to imbalances in the endocrine system. This can occur during adolescence, reproductive age group, perimenopause or menopause when fluctuations in hormone production are common.
  • Obesity: Adipose tissue (fat cells) can produce estrogen. Consequently, excess body fat, particularly in the abdominal area, can contribute to higher estrogen levels.
  • Medications and Supplements: Certain medications and supplements, such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or birth control pills, can increase estrogen levels. Additionally, some herbal supplements may contain phytoestrogens, which mimic the effects of estrogen in the body.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can lead to high estrogen levels. It causes enlarged ovaries with small cysts and disrupts the normal hormone balance.
  • Estrogen-secreting Tumors: Rarely, certain tumors, such as ovarian or adrenal tumors, can produce excess estrogen, leading to elevated levels in the body.

What are the symptoms of High Estrogen Levels?

  • Irregular Menstrual Cycle: Women with high estrogen levels may experience irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  • Breast Tenderness: Elevated estrogen can cause breast tenderness or swelling.
  • Mood Swings and Irritability: Hormonal imbalances, including high estrogen levels, can affect mood and lead to irritability, anxiety, or depression.
  • Weight Gain: Excessive estrogen levels can contribute to weight gain, especially around the hips, thighs, and abdominal area.
  • Fatigue: Some women with high estrogen levels may experience chronic fatigue or a lack of energy.

What are the Treatment Options for High Estrogen Levels?

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help regulate hormone levels. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight are crucial in managing estrogen levels.
  • Hormone Therapy: In some cases, hormone therapy may be recommended to balance hormone levels. This may involve the use of medications to regulate estrogen and progesterone levels.
  • Medication Adjustments: If high estrogen levels are caused by specific medications or supplements, adjusting or discontinuing them may be necessary under medical supervision.
  • Surgery or Radiation: If the cause of high estrogen levels is an estrogen-secreting tumor, surgical removal or radiation therapy may be required.
  • Herbal Remedies: Some herbal remedies, such as black cohosh or chasteberry, may help regulate estrogen levels naturally. However, it is essential to consult with a fertility specialistnbefore starting any herbal supplement.


Maintaining balanced estrogen and progesterone levels is crucial for a woman’s reproductive health and overall well-being. High estrogen levels can arise from various causes, including hormonal imbalances, obesity, medications, and certain medical conditions. Recognizing the symptoms of high estrogen levels and seeking appropriate treatment is important to prevent long-term complications. With lifestyle modifications, hormonal therapy, and medical interventions, it is possible to restore hormonal balance and optimize women’s health.

Remember, if you experience any of above symptoms, it is essential to consult with a fertility specialist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

To know more about fertility and impacts of high estrogen levels on women’s health you can seek help from Fertility Specialist 

Dr Ila Gupta 

(Director & Sr. Consultant at Ferticity IVF & Fertility Clinics).