What can we do to increase the chances of IVF?
By Dr. Ila Gupta
Director & Senior Consultant, Ferticity Fertility & IVF Clinics
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is assisted reproductive technology (ART) that has bene tted millions of couples worldwide to conceive a child and enjoy the blissful life of parenthood. IVF involves the extraction of eggs from the female partner, which are then fertilized with sperm in a laboratory dish or healthy sperm is injected inside the egg (ICSI ). The subsequent embryos are then implanted in the female partner’s uterus. As the success rates of IVF treatment varies from individual to individual, therefore achieving positive outcomes is critical to the overall success of the treatment. This article will explore the factors that affect IVF success rate and how positive rates can be increased.
Factors Affecting IVF Success Rates
Age: One of the most critical factors affecting IVF success rate is age. As women age, the quantity and quality of their eggs decline, making it more arduous to conceive. For instance, women who are over the age of 35 have a lower chance of a successful IVF pregnancy than younger women. Another factor that immensely affects IVF success rates is the Ovarian reserve, the number and quality of a woman’s remaining eggs. If a woman’s ovarian reserve is low, there is a lower chance of a successful IVF pregnancy.
More important is as the age advances genetic material of egg starts deteriorating thereby increasing the chances of failure, miscarriages and abnormalities in the fetus.
Life style factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity, stress, lack of physical activity can also negatively impact IVF success rate. Certain medical conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, Genital tuberculosis, uncontrolled hypertension, Diabetes , thyroid disorders and autoimmune diseases also have impact on IVF outcome.
There are several ways in which favourable rate of IVF treatment can be increased.
A thorough pre-IVF assessment and Counselling can increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Couple need to be physically and mentally prepared to go for IVF. They should be counselled in detail regarding the procedure, time involved, nancial aspect and success rate.
Techniques and strategies, including lifestyle modi cation such as healthy eating habits, well balanced diet, exercise, optimum body weight are important to have positive outcome.
A healthy weight is crucial for fertility, as being overweight or underweight can negatively impact reproductive health, as obesity and a sedentary lifestyle have been linked to infertility. Therefore, it is essential to focus on weight management, a balanced diet, and regular exercise to improve the chances of a successful conception.
Stress reduction techniques, such as yoga and mindfulness meditation, and adequate sleep may also improve fertility outcomes by reducing stress hormones that can interfere with reproductive function.
Maintaining normal blood sugar level is necessary, as uncontrolled blood sugar has serious effects on quality of eggs and sperms. Similarly BP and thyroid also to be in the normal range . For any other medical problem follow your doctor advise and move for IVF only when they are under control. Be regular with IVF supplements and maintain the vitamin D level, which improves egg quality and quantity, eventually enhancing the positivity rate.
While following all the protocols, one should halt smoking and alcohol consumption, as they can signi cantly increase the risk of infertility and complications during pregnancy. Also, alternative treatment options like acupuncture and meditation may improve the chances.
The IVF clinic and staff also play a critical role in the success of the treatment. Staff expertise, experience, quality control measures, and clinical success rate can all contribute to a successful outcome. IVF clinics should have experienced doctors and embryologists with the skills to perform the procedure successfully. They should also have quality control measures to ensure that the process is performed correctly and that the embryos are healthy. Clinics with expert and specialized team are generally better equipped to handle complications that may arise during the process.
In addition, patient support and proper guidance is also necessary to ensure that patients are well informed and comfortable throughout the IVF process. Patients should receive clear and concise information about the procedure and support during and after the process. It may include counselling and support groups for patients struggling with infertility. In addition, personalized treatment plans tailored to patient’s needs, including customized medication protocols and cycle monitoring, can also signi cantly enhance the possibility of success.
A comprehensive approach that includes individualized care and attention to all factors affecting success is critical. Patients should seek assistance from experienced fertility specialists and clinics that prioritize patient support and have a track record of success. With the right approach, IVF treatment can be a successful option for couples struggling with infertility.